The natural state in machines is a bonding (positive-negative) electrical relationship which draws parts together in harmful wear and causes residue to adhere to parts. NMF reduces wear, improves efficiency, and cleans engines/injectors by converting that electrical relationship into one which is repelling (negative-negative).
FRICTION -- AN EXPENSIVE PROBLEM
Friction is the resistant and opposing force resulting from the bonding between moving surfaces. All moving parts suffer this opposition to motion; even precisely-machined metal parts such as engine bearings have surface irregularities that abrade and cause friction. Friction has three costly side effects: heat, energy loss, and wear.
Heat causes mating surfaces to expand which causes more friction and produces even more heat. In machinery with fluid lubricants, thermal breakdown can occur when extreme temperatures scorch the lubricants, rendering them ineffective. All friction reduces the efficiency of a machine. In gas and diesel engines, this reduction in efficiency results in energy losses measureable in miles per gallon (mpg) or hours per gallon (hpg). Losses in horsepower are also evident.
When metal wears it produces abrasive particle contamination of liquid lubricants. The metal particulates accelerate wear, causing irregularities in mating suraces that create more friction. Gasoline and diesel engines also generate acids during normal operations which cause corrosion, increase friction and produce additional wear.
THE TECHNOLOGY OF NMF
All materials carry an electrical charge. These charges come in the form of electrons and protons. Protons are at the center of each atom while electrons orbit the atom. These charged sub-atomic particles create electrical forces between each other. These forces can be repellant or attractive. LIKE charges repel, OPPOSITE charges attract. Protons have a positive charge while electrons have a negative charge.
These electrical forces behave much like magnetism but act upon only particles that are very close together (unlike magnets that broadcast force). When one metal surface has a positive charge (less electrons) and the other has a negative charge (more electrons), the two metal surfaces are attracted together in friction. When the opposite charges are brought close together, they produce a strong attracting force, which tries to squeeze the surfaces together. On the microscopic scale, this attractive force can become very intense, bending even metal. This atomic attraction between molecules can greatly increase the effort required to move charged surfaces against each other. Ultimately, this means that the atomic electrical forces increase friction, when opposite charges interact. This is the natural frictional state -- the problem to be overcome.
Now, what happens when the electrical charge in both metal surfaces are the same? The metal surfaces repel each other, opposing contact and reducing friction. How can both metal surfaces become same charged? By adding electrons to the atoms in both surfaces. By doing so, both surfaces become negatively charged, so they repel each other. This is how NMF directly reduces the friction between moving parts; it causes all of the moving surfaces to become negatively charged (with surplus electrons), so that all of the parts repel each other on the atomic scale, reducing contact friction.
But this is not the only way that NMF improves efficiency and reduces wear. Another important phenomenon that NMF addresses is the accumulation of wear particles and debris.
Normally, the opposite charges in the wear particles (and debris) cause them to attract to each other and also to the moving parts. This atomic attraction causes wear particles to build up and "snowball" into larger and larger abrasive clusters, further increasing wear. NMF prevents this by causing all of the parts and wear particles to have the same electrical charge (negative), so the wear particles repel each other and do not accumulate together -- they become isolated, suspended in the oil, and come out during an oil change. This is how NMF cleans parts. Click the below graphic for a video providing a scientific explanation.